Understanding Standard and Reverse Rotation Marine

Jul 1, 2015 | ASSEMBLY

Understanding Standard and Reverse Rotation Marine
Boats with twin engines usually have them turning in opposite directions so the torque reactions of the engines cancel each other out. This can create some rather unique problems for the rebuilder. The following four drawings show how the crankshaft and camshaft turn in the four combinations of drives. – • Some of the parts in these engines may be interchangeable as to fit, but will not function and can create problems. Some of the reverse rotation cranks have the oil holes drilled symmetrically opposite. Check this closely. • In the above combinations none of the cams are interchangeable. The lobe timing and/or the distributor drive gear angle are different. – • In all of the applications we know of both the distributor and oil pump turn the same direction regardless of the crank rotation. This is done by making the angle of the drive gear on the cam and its mating gear opposite, when the cam turns the opposite direction. This makes the thrust of the gears in the opposite direction. For example the SB Chevy thrust is up and is taken by the base of the distributor housing and the drive gear. If the cam rotation and gear angle are changed, the thrust is down and there are no provisions for this in a stock distributor. A ball bearing distributor or magneto is required. When working on marine engines be sure you know what the components intended usage is and do not vary from it.

Engine Pro Tech Committee
with thanks to Melling Tool Co

July, 2015